Béla (Victor János) Bartók

Béla Bartók (1881-1945)

Nationality: Hungarian
Born: March 25, 1881, Nagyszentmiklós, Hungary
Died: September 26, 1945, New York City, NY (age 64)
wikipedia

Contrasts, BB 116 Sz. 111

(for violin, piano and clarinet)
I. Verbunkos (Recruiting Dance). Moderato, ben ritmato
II. Piheno (Relaxation). Lento
III. Sebes (Fast Dance). Allegro vivace
Composed: 1938, On September 24, Budapest (age 56-57)
First performance: April 20, 1940. Complete 3-movement version. New York, Carnegie Hall. Joseph Szigeti (violin), Benny Goodman (clarinet), Béla Bartók (piano)
Published: 1942 (age 60-61)
Dedication: To Benny Goodman and Joseph Szigeti
Duration: 17 minutes (approximately)
5 recordings, 13 videos
17:17
Pauk, Jando, Berkes
5:34
Follesø, Hadland, Nyman
I. Verbunkos (Recruiting Dance). Moderato, ben ritmato
5:02
Follesø, Hadland, Nyman
II. Piheno (Relaxation). Lento
7:03
Follesø, Hadland, Nyman
III. Sebes (Fast Dance). Allegro vivace
5:30
Joseph Szigeti, Benny Goodman, Béla Bartók
I. Verbunkos (Recruiting Dance). Moderato, ben ritmato
4:35
Joseph Szigeti, Benny Goodman, Béla Bartók
II. Piheno (Relaxation). Lento
6:58
Joseph Szigeti, Benny Goodman, Béla Bartók
III. Sebes (Fast Dance). Allegro vivace
6:10
Kell, Ritter, Rosen
I. Verbunkos (Recruiting Dance). Moderato, ben ritmato
4:38
Kell, Ritter, Rosen
II. Piheno (Relaxation). Lento
6:58
Kell, Ritter, Rosen
III. Sebes (Fast Dance). Allegro vivace
5:39
Levy, Schmidt, Asuncion
I. Verbunkos (Recruiting Dance). Moderato, ben ritmato
4:20
Levy, Schmidt, Asuncion
II. Piheno (Relaxation). Lento
7:30
Levy, Schmidt, Asuncion
III. Sebes (Fast Dance). Allegro vivace

From Kai Christiansen:

Béla Bartók (1881-1945)

Contrasts, for Violin, Clarinet and Piano, 1938

Béla BartókBartók’s composed Contrasts in response to requests from two important musicians: the Hungarian violinist Joseph Szigeti and American clarinetist Benny Goodman. Szigeti was a longtime friend and colleague of Bartok’s who emigrated to the United States in 1939 to escape the Nazi persecution of the Jews. Goodman, the famous Jewish jazz musician, ultimately commissioned the piece. Szigeti and Goodman made the first studio recording with Bartók at the piano. Contrasts comprises three movements based on Hungarian and Romanian dance melodies and is Bartók’s only chamber music including a wind instrument.

© Kai Christiansen. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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