Clarinet Quintet No. 1 in G major, Op. 27, No. 1, Cavatina and Variations
(for clarinet, 2 violins, viola and cello)
Cavatina. Andante affetuoso
Variations. Andante non tanto quasi allegretto
Composed in 1900, when Holbrooke was around 22 years old
affetuoso, con affetto, affezione, con affezione—tenderly, with feeling, affectionately
allegretto—moderately quick tempo. slower than allegro but faster than andante
andante—moderately slow tempo (e.g. walking). Faster than adagio but slower than allegretto
cavatina [I], cavatine [F]—a simple, lyrical song, usually without repetitions or elaborations.
chamber music, Kammermusik [G], Musique de chambre [F], Musica da camera [I]—"Classical Music" for a small ensemble, generally 8 or fewer players with a canonical emphasis on 3-6 players
clarinet quintet—Most often refers to the chamber ensemble (and work) for string quartet and clarinet, a long cultivated genre of chamber music from Mozart to the present era.
quasi—almost, almost like, as if
tanto [I], non tanto—much, as much, so much, e.g. allegro ma non tanto: fast but not too much
tema con variazioni, con variazioni, Tema e variazioni, theme and variations, Thema mit Variationen [G], Thème varié [F]—a common movement form featuring an initial theme followed by a series of variations on that theme, each of which adjusts any number of parameters to achieve variety, e.g. tempo, rhythm, key, instrumentation, etc.A challenge to the composers ingenuity and a delight for the listener
variation, variazione, variatio, variato, variata—a modified re-iteration of a previous theme, reprise, couplet, etc. The music is varied, embellished or creatively transformed for variety while maintaining a unity relationship with the original. See "Theme and Variations."
with thinking heart and feeling mind, I'll embody your muse, thy soul divine