Johann [Jan] (Nepomuk) Hummel

Johann Hummel (1778-1837)

Nationality: Austrian
Born: November 14, 1778, Pressburg (now Bratislava)
Died: October 17, 1837, Weimar (age 58)
wikipedia

Piano Trio No. 2 in F major, Op. 22

(for violin, cello and piano)
I. Allegro moderato
II. Andante con variazioni
III. Rondo alla Turca. Vivace
Composed: 1799, March 3 (age 20)
Published: 1807 (age 28-29)
Dedication: à la Princesse Esterhazy
Duration: 13 minutes (approximately)
3 recordings, 7 videos
6:00
Gajan, Šimčisko, Alexander
I. Allegro moderato
4:48
Gajan, Šimčisko, Alexander
II. Andante con variazioni
4:14
Gajan, Šimčisko, Alexander
III. Rondo alla Turca. Vivace
5:37
Gould Piano Trio
I. Allegro moderato
4:11
Gould Piano Trio
II. Andante con variazioni
3:14
Gould Piano Trio
III. Rondo alla Turca. Vivace
13:39
Oistrakh, Knushevitsky, Oborin

From Edition Silvertrust:

Johann Nepomuk HummelHummel's Second Piano Trio, although composed in 1799, was not printed until 1807. The opening movement, Allegro moderato, has for its main subject a lyrical, lovely melody. It starts somewhat calmly but the music quickly becomes quite lively. The second movement, Andante con variazioni, has for its theme, a simple melody of child-like innocence. After the statement, there are five wonderful variations. It is truly the epitome of this kind of movement. The breath-taking finale, Vivace, Rondo alla Turca, is reminiscent of Mozart's Piano Sonata, K.331 which also employed a Turkish rondo. (Mozart was Hummel's teacher). If anything, Hummel's effort is even finer and more exciting than Mozart's.

Johann Nepomuk Hummel (1778-1837) was not only considered one of the most important composers of his time but was also widely regarded as the greatest piano virtuoso of his era. We owe the transmission of Mozart's pianistic style and technique to him. From early on, Hummel was recognized as a prodigy and not just on the piano. Brought to Vienna from his native Pressburg (today Bratislava) at the age of 4, Hummel auditioned to study with Mozart. While Mozart accepted the occasional day student for the odd hour or half hour lesson, he refused to take on full-time students because he was too busy. In Hummel's case, immediately recognizing the extraordinary talent, Mozart not only made an exception, but insisted that Hummel live with him so that he could supervise every aspect of the his musical education. In fact, Hummel was the only full-time student Mozart ever had.

Stylistically, this trio represents the end of the Viennese Classical Era and the bridge period between it and Romanticism. It enjoyed considerable popularity during the 19th century but has been out of print for over a century.

© Edition Silvertrust. Used by permission. All rights reserved.

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